Historical and archival resource information has been researched for many Lāna‘i sites, and archaeological documentation is being collected for development of interpretive programs. GIS data points are being recorded for trails (foot, bike and jeep), and a GPS enabled web enabled application is being designed to facilitate informed access to many of these resources.
New interpretive sign found along the Hulopoʽe Heritage Trail.
All of the coastal lands on Lāna‘i, except those with the highest ocean cliffs, were at one time host to a wide range of Hawaiian activities. In the uplands, major settlement sites with multiple feature types, occurred throughout the Pālāwai Basin region, as well as at various locations across the island plateau lands. Shelters, where temporary residence occurred over the generations, village complexes of multi-generational residency, workshops, resource collection sites, and ceremonial sites are found around the island. Almost everywhere a place name occurs on the island, there is evidence of ancient Hawaiian life. Selected sites and features are accessible by jeep roads and hiking or bike trails.
All cultural-archaeological and historical sites on Lāna‘i are protected to various degrees under state laws. Traditional Hawaiian sites are protected under Hawaii Revised Statues §6E-11 and the Federal Archaeological Resources Protection Act of 1978. Cultural landscapes and sites are now being protected, and at many areas some level of site stabilization, recordation and interpretive access (where appropriate) are being undertaken. This work, initiated by the Lāna‘i Culture & Heritage Center in 2006, has led to the establishment of a new Culture & Historic Preservation (C&HP) Branch of Pūlama Lāna‘i. The C&HP crew (many of whom are descended from traditional families of Lāna‘i), and the staff and resources of the Lāna‘i Culture & Heritage Center are being pooled together to create a greater awareness and appreciation for the legacy resources of Lāna‘i. This appreciation will in-turn foster stewardship and respect of place, and ensure that knowledge of Lāna‘i’s history will be passed on to future generations.