The history of the Māhele ‘Āina (Land Division of 1848) between the King, Chiefs, Government and commoners, and establishment of fee-simple land title on Lāna‘i was researched and compiled by Kepā and Onaona Maly as a part of a detailed ethnographic study on the island of Lāna‘i. 

The Māhele ‘Āina and associated Helu or Land Commission Award Numbers (L.C.A.), identifying the original holders of title to lands on Lāna‘i provides the foundational record of fee-simple property title on the island. The story of the Māhele ‘Āina on Lāna‘i reveals much about residency, land use and land tenure on the island, but also leaves much unanswered—the answers to some questions may never be fully understood. 

In the papers provided through links on this page, readers are provided the first fully detailed account of the original history of land title (and failed claims for title) on Lāna‘i. 


The manuscript—with digital images of the original Hawaiian language documents and full translations prepared by Kepā Maly—is organized by subsections meant to provide readers with access to the wide

range of documentation recorded as a part of the Māhele ‘Āina.


Lāna‘i Māhele Claims & Awards Overview (PDF)

Lāna‘i Māhele Claims & Awards Overview (PDF)

Lāna‘i Māhele Claims & Awards Overview (PDF)

Lāna‘i Māhele Claims & Awards Overview (PDF)

Lāna‘i Māhele Surveys 1876

Helu 2513 - Manoa

Records of the MĀHELE ‘Āina

(land division) on LĀna‘i